Since almost all nations are members of the World Trade Organization, the agreement on aspects of intellectual property rights related to trade obliges non-members to accept almost all the terms of the Berne Convention. Nor can Bernese members easily create new copyright contracts to meet the realities of the digital world, as the Berne Convention also prohibits treaties incompatible with their rules.  “Denouncing” or renouncing the treaty is also not a realistic option for most nations, as membership in Bern is a precondition for membership in the World Trade Organization. The Berne Convention obliges its parties to treat the copyrights of the works of authors of other contracting parties (known as members of the Bernese Union) at least in the same way as those of their own nationals. For example, French copyright applies to anything that is published, disseminated, listed or otherwise accessible in France, regardless of where it was originally created, when the country of origin of this work is located in the Bernese Union. The Berne Convention contains a number of specific copyright exceptions, which are dispersed in several provisions because of the historical reason for the Bern negotiations. Thus, Article 10, paragraph 2, allows Bernese members to provide a “teaching exemption” as part of their copyright statutes. The exception is limited to the use to illustrate teaching-related teaching and must relate to teaching activities.  The Bernese Union has an assembly and an executive committee.
Any country that is a member of the Union and has at least complied with the administrative and final provisions of the Stockholm Law is a member of the Assembly. The members of the executive committee are elected from among the members of the Union, with the exception of Switzerland, which is an ex-officio member. Berne Convention Bern also wrote Berne, formal international`s Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, international copyright agreement adopted by an international conference in Bern (Berne) in 1886 and subsequently modified several times (Berlin, 1908; Rome, 1928; Brussels, 1948; Stockholm, 1967; Paris, 1971). The signatories of the convention form the Bernese Copyright Union. The lawyer, Dr. Rebecca Giblin, argued that a reform option left to Bernese members is to “remove the front door.” The Berne Convention only requires Member States to respect their rules for works published in other Member States – not for works published within their own borders.