As part of the agreement, contracting parties are required to exchange information that improves the efficiency of search and rescue operations (e.g., communications). B, search and rescue, refuelling, supply and medical facilities, airfields and ports, and their refuelling and resupply capabilities). They must also promote cooperation by taking into account cooperation on many issues (for example. B the exchange of experiences and visits, the exchange of observations, ship notification systems, information systems, support services, joint research and development initiatives and exercises). Contracting parties must meet regularly to discuss and resolve practical cooperation issues. Joint audits of key joint search and rescue operations will be encouraged after they are implemented. Although there are exceptions, there are few Arctic resources to repair oil spills, particularly the ability to recover oil trapped in hulls and compartments in shallow, deep waters. A multilateral emergency plan for oil pollution or an agreement on oil pollution may be options to address this problem. Although Arctic states often have existing agreements to coordinate sar operations with neighbouring countries, the creation of a Sar Arctic multilateral agreement that would cover the entire northern region, both for SAR and sar maritime, has several advantages. A multilateral agreement for the entire Arctic would facilitate the most effective use of limited SAR resources throughout the Arctic and ensure that Arctic facilities closest to a ship or aircraft in distress are identified and reacted in the first place, regardless of nationality, to reduce response time and potentially save as many lives as possible. A regional agreement would also improve the SAR response by providing a framework for the implementation of joint exercises and training; The exchange of information, knowledge and best practices identify and improve mutual cooperation, coordination and assistance mechanisms for search and rescue and emergency response. Another example is the Russian ship surveillance system, called VMS Victoria. The system is intended for near-instantaneous automated monitoring of ship positions, provided that ships are equipped with INMARSAT-C or INMARSAT-D-C satellite communication systems, and for the transmission of position data collected via the Internet remotely.
VMS Victoria is aimed at shipowners, operators and organizations responsible for the control and monitoring of seagoing vessels, as well as search and rescue at sea. There are more than 1,200 vessels registered in the system, including more than 600 foreign-flagged state-of-the-art vessels. VMS Victoria works continuously and allows its users to track the movements of their fleets by receiving regular automated position reports from ships; request, if necessary, from each ship, upon request, an immediate position report; and send short FleetNet messages and shipments to a ship/ship.